large gums

What Are the Causes of Large Gums and Gummy Smiles?

Did you know that smiling has at least ten health benefits, such as stress relief and better moods? It may even be a factor in longevity!

Despite those science-backed perks, many people don’t like to smile due to the state of their teeth or gums. And for some folks, it’s because they have large gums that appear whenever they smile.

But why exactly do some people have enlarged gums? Can complications arise from gum enlargement?

Keep reading, as we’ll answer all those questions and even tell you how to fix large gums in this guide.

What Are the Causes of Large Gums?

Enlarged gums associated with gummy smiles are often due to excess gum tissue. A gummy smile, in turn, is when too much of your gumline shows when you smile. In this case, the excess gum tissue may have resulted from genetics or altered teeth eruption.

Some medications may also cause gum enlargement or an overgrowth of gum tissue. Health experts call this condition drug-induced gingival hyperplasia. It may result from taking anti-seizure drugs, immunosuppressants, or antihypertension medicines.

In some cases, gum inflammation or swelling can give gums an enlarged appearance. That’s often due to irritation or an infection, which, in turn, may result from poor dental hygiene.

Can Enlarged Gums Cause Complications?

Prominent gums linked with gummy smiles often don’t cause oral health complications. However, they can affect a person’s self-confidence. That can then ultimately lead to their mental well-being suffering.

Gum overgrowth that results from gingival hyperplasia can cause pain and swelling. They can also become infected, resulting in gum disease. Gum disease, in turn, is a leading cause of tooth and even jaw bone loss.

How Do You Fix Enlarged Gums?

You may opt for gum contouring if you have large gums that give you a gummy smile. It’s a minimally-invasive surgical procedure that involves removing excess gum tissue. Laser removal is often the preferred method for this treatment.

Gum contouring may also be an option for drug-induced gingival hyperplasia. Moreover, it can treat gum recession, in which the gums pull away from the teeth.

What if the enlarged gums are due to gum disease, which affects nearly half of U.S. adults aged 30 or older? In this case, a dentist must treat the gum condition first.

Fortunately, gum disease is treatable with non-surgical options as long as caught early. Deep cleaning, scaling, and root planing may be enough to reverse it in its earliest stages. Oral and topical antibiotics may also help kill the bacteria causing the disease.

In advanced cases of gum disease, surgical procedures are already often necessary. Aside from gum contouring, a dentist may recommend a gum or bone graft.

Get Your Enlarged Gums Treated ASAP

As you can see, large gums can result from excessive gum tissue, medications, or gum disease. Fortunately, they’re all treatable or even preventable in the case of gum disease.

However, seeing a dentist ASAP is in your best interest if you already have enlarged gums. The sooner you do, the sooner you can get your gums sorted out and reshaped for a better, healthier smile.

Are you ready for more exciting and informative articles like this? Check out our most recent news and blog posts, then!

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